Orderville was established at the direction of Latter-day Saint leader Brigham Young specifically to live the United Order, a voluntary form of communalism defined by Joseph Smith. The unit of the United Order which became Orderville was formed March 20, 1874 at Mt. Carmel, Utah. In 1875, the site was moved two miles up the Long Valley and the name Orderville was chosen. The first family to settle in Orderville was that of Bateman Haight Williams.
In all, there were ninety-four persons over the age of fourteen and ninety-six under that age who made up the original members of the United Order at Orderville. They are:
- Israel Hoyt, wives, Clarissa and Hannah, and children over fourteen, Mary Maria and Emily and seven under fourteen.
- Samuel Claridge, wives Charlotte and Rebecca. Children Charlotte and four under fourteen.
- Thomas Chamberlain, wives Elinor Hoyt and Laura Fackrell. Mother, Hannah Gillespie.
- William Heaton and wife Esther. Children Christopher B., Jonathan, Alvin and two under fourteen.
- George Harmon and wife Mercy.
- David B. Fackrell and wives Susannah and Hannah. Children Joseph and ten under fourteen.
- Richard R. Keel, Harry Keel, and Mary Keel.
- Kendell E. Fletcher and three children under fourteen.
- Orvil S. Cox and wives Mary and Eliza. Children Amos and Allen and five under fourteen.
- Joseph Asry and wife Sarah.
- Robert H. Brown and wives Eunice and Elizabeth. Children Louisa and Melissa and eight under fourteen.
- John W. Reed and wife Agnes, and three children under fourteen.
- Isaac Asay and wife Elizabeth and one child.
- Amos Stevens and wife Elmira and three children under fourteen.
- William Jolley and wife Serepta and six children under fourteen.
- William Jolley Jr., Henry A. Jolley, and Serepta Jolley.
- Bateman H. Williams, and wives Lydia H. and Grace T. and six children under fourteen.
- Clarissa Terry mother of Bateman H. Williams, and Susan C. Williams, Bateman's sister and two children under fourteen.
- Reuben Jolley and wife Rachel.
- Elizabeth Maxwell and five children under fourteen, and Clarissa Maxwell, widows of James Maxwell who was killed by Joe Wood.
- Edwin Asay.
- Isaac Behamin and wife Elmira. R. M. Englestead and wife Annie and one child.
- Joseph Allen and wives, Carin and Christina and five children under fourteen.
- John Esplin and wife Margaret E. and five children under fourteen.
- Henry Esplin, oldest son of John Esplin and wife Philena Cox.
- Thomas Stolworthy and wives Matilda and Elizabeth and four children under fourteen.
- Charles Wilson.
- Isaiah Bowers and wife Harriett Hoyt and two children under fourteen.
Although the United Order was practiced in many Utah communities during the late 1870s, Orderville was unique in both the level of success it experienced under the communal living style, and in the duration of the experiment. In the course of a few years, Orderville grew into a thriving, self-sufficient community. The success and relative wealth of the community attracted more settlers and Orderville grew to about 700 people. Orderville not only provided for the needs of its population, but produced a significant surplus for sale to other communities, which was used to purchase additional land and equipment.
The Order continued in Orderville for approximately 10 years. During the early 1880s, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints lost interest in the experiment, but Orderville attempted to continue it. In 1885, the enforcement of the Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act of 1882 effectively ended the Order by jailing many of the Order's leaders and driving many of the others underground.